Investigate 5 earthquakes that have occurred over the past 100 years.  Tell where they occurred, when they occurred, what kind of damage occurred and how it effected the landscape.  Make sure to include all of this info for each quake you investigate. 

***For one earthquake find a primary source describing the incident...This means you are to find a first hand description of what the earthquake was like.  (this would include a news report description of the event or an eyewitness account of the quake)
***

Include references in your post describing where you found your info...a

Use the internet to look up earthquakes (link below)

List of earthquakes
 


Comments

DezJanah Harper
02/27/2012 9:06am

The earthquake that I am doing is the 2010 Chile Earthquake.The earthquake had destroyed 9% of the populations homes.The shaking lasted for about three minutes. About 525 people had lost their lives and 25 people had went missing.The person who saw this happen is US GS people. They saw it happen because they were their when it had happened.

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02/27/2012 9:06am

On October 11,1138,in Aleppo,Syria,The figure of 230,000 dead is based on a historical conflation of this earthquake with earthquakes in November 1137 on the Jazira plain and the large seismic event of September 30, 1139 in the Azerbaijani city of Ganja. The first mention of a 230,000 death toll was by Ibn Taghribirdi in the fifteenth century.On December 26, 2004,Indian Ocean,Sumatra, Indonesia,Deaths from earthquake and resulting tsunami.On December 16, 1920,Ningxia–Gansu,China Major fractures, landslides.On November 1,1755 Lisbon,Portugal Includes several thousands of deaths in Morocco and Spain,so the landscape is covered with dead bodies.On December 28,1908 Messina, Italy,on December 28, 1908 from about 5:20 to 5:21 am an earthquake of 7.1 on the moment magnitude scale occurred centered on Messina, a city in Sicily. Reggio Calabria on the Italian mainland also suffered heavy damage. The ground shook for some 30 to 40 seconds, and the destruction was felt within a 300 km radius. Moments after the earthquake, a 40 feet (12 m) tsunami struck nearby coasts causing even more devastation. 93% of structures in Messina were destroyed and some 70,000 residents were killed. Rescuers searched through the rubble for weeks, and whole families were still being pulled out alive days later, but thousands remained buried there. Buildings in the area had not been constructed for earthquake resistance, having heavy roofs and vulnerable foundations.

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dakota
02/27/2012 9:10am

2010 Haiti earthquake-near the town of Léogâne, approximately 16 miles west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital.... 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake -off the west coast of Sumatra, Indonesia....1957 Andreanof Islands earthquake-south of the Andreanof Islands group of the Aleutian Islands in the U.S. state of Alaska....1963 Kuril Islands earthquake-Both earthquakes triggered tsunamis that were observed around the northern part of the Pacific ocean....1965 Rat Islands earthquake-the earthquake was recorded on both Attu and Shemya islands. the eyewitness -----> http://articles.nydailynews.com/2010-01-15/news/17944920_1_presidential-palace-bodies-earthquake

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Reno S.
02/27/2012 9:11am

1. 1901-1910, Parkfield, California, United States , no deaths occurred in this earthquake. lat. 36.2 long. 120.7 this earthquake occurred at 07:45

2. January 3 1911, Kazakhstan, 450 deaths were recorded in this earthquake. lat. 43.5 long. 77.5 this eathquake destroyed 770 buildings , and caused landslides .

3. September 1 1923, Kantō region, Japan. 143,000 deaths were recorded in this earthquake lat. 35.4 long. 139.80, this earthquake cuased fire damage, and landslides . The damage is estimated to have exceeded one billion U.S. dollars at present day values. There were 57 aftershocks counted.

4. August 13, 1951, time;18:36 location, Kurşunlu, Çankırı, Turkey
North Anatolian Fault lat.40.88 long. 32.87, in this earth quake 50 deaths occurred.

5. September 19, 1985. Time 13: location Michoacán, Mexico
Mexico City lat. 18.44 long. -102.36. 9,500 occurred happen in this earth quake , 258 buildings completely crumbled, 143 partially collapsed and 181 were seriously damaged. The next seriously affected area was Venustiano Carranza where 83 buildings collapsed, 128 partially collapsed and 2,000 structures were seriously damaged.

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Jordan P.
02/27/2012 9:15am

Kuril Islands, Russia earthquake October 13, 1963. No damages,injuries or death.
Sumatra, Indonesia earthquakes September 12, 2007. The tremors of the earthquake lasted for several minutes. It caused buildings to sway in Jakarta. The death toll of the earthquakes is 21 with 88 people injured.
Atacama Region, Chile November 11, 1922. The earthquake caused extensive damage the tsunami killed several hundred people in coastal cities.
Sumatra, Indonesia March 28, 2005. The earthquake was strongly felt across the island of Sumatra, and caused widespread power outages in the Indonesian city of Banda Aceh.
Lima, Peru October 20, 1687. The port of Pisco was completely destroyed with at least three ships being swept over the remains of the town.

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Sierra J. , Kaytlyn T.
02/27/2012 9:16am

1.) Chile Valdivia- 1960 Valdivia earthquake: 400- 800 million dollars worth of damage, cause landslides, tsunamis, and floods.
2.) Prince William Sound, Alaska- 1964 Alaska earthquake: 9 people killed, lost 75 houses, caused landslides
3.) Indian Ocean, Sumatra, Indonesia- 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake: cause tsunamis, 230,210-310,000 deaths.
4.)Kamchatka, Russia (then USSR)- 1952 Kamchatka earthquakes: 3 earthquakes, cause tsunamis,
5.)Maule, Chile- 2010 Chile earthquake: 15-30 billion dollars worth of damage, 525 killed, 25 missing, caused tsunamis.
Eye witness report for 1964 Alaska earthquake: Glenna Silvan- Magna UT said "I was 12 years old, things started flying from our open shelves. We had 180 acres, with a 13 acre field in front of our house. The noise was incredible! when the seemingly internal earthquake ended we survived the damage.
http://www.vibrationdata.com/earthquakes/alaska.htm

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Deair Wade
02/27/2012 10:38am

1.valdivia chile(may 22,1960)Number killed: 1,655,Cost of damages: $550 million.

2.prince william sound,alaska(May 22, 1960)Number killed: 1,655,Cost of damages: $550 million.

3.The west coast northern sumatra,Indonesia,(December 26, 2004)Number killed: 157,577, cost of damage 62,0000.

4.Kamchatka, Russia, November 5, 1952(Number killed: Unknown)ost of damages: $800,000 to $1 million.

5.Off the coast of Ecuador, January 31, 1906(umber killed: 500 to 1,500)Cost of damages $81,000

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raicharr w.
02/27/2012 10:43am

1. The 1922 Vallenar earthquake that occurred in the Atacama Region of Chileon , November 11, 1922 at 4:32. It triggered a destructive tsunami that caused significant damage to the coast of Chile.This effected the landscape by destroying the Chile coast.

2. The 1965 Rat Islands earthquake occurred at 05:01 on February 4Th. This Earthquake caused damage such as, Flooding and cracks in runways. This effected the landscape by having bid holes in the streets.

3. The September 2007 Sumatra earthquake. This caused damage by having Aftershocks that lasted for 2 days. This effected the landscape by< It caused buildings to sway in Jakarta.

4. The 1964 Alaska earthquake that began at 5:36 P.M. This caused damage by creating large tsunamis and rock slides. The landscape was effected by thousands of aftershocks for three weeks. This earthquake was like the Good Friday Earthquake. Also The powerful earthquake produced earthquake liquefaction in the region. Ground fissures and failures caused major structural damage in several communities, much damage to property and several landslides. you can find pictures at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Good_Friday_Earthquake_at_Turnagain_Arm.jpg

5.he 1963 Kuril Islands earthquake occurred at 05:17. This earthquake caused no damage, deaths or injuries are recorded for these two earthquakes or their associated tsunamis. This effected landscape by triggering a tsunami. Also the earthquake was made up of three sub events., that are not listed. It effected the Northern Pacific .

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Amber Packy
02/27/2012 10:44am

1.1960 Valdivia earthquake.1,655 killed.$50 million damage.
2.2011 Tohoku earthquake.15,850 killed.$125,000 damage.
3.1833 Sumatra earthquake.1,345 killed.$500 million damage.
4.869 Sanriku earthquake.3,970 killed.$154,00 damage.
5.1965 Rat Island earthquake.2,000 killed.$600 million damage.

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Breanna C. and Tyler D.
02/27/2012 10:45am

The 7.9-magnitude earthquake that hit China's Sichuan province, leveling buildings and taking tens of thousands of lives, might not have wrought such destruction in the United States, experts say.

Ground-shaking from the relatively shallow earthquake in China leveled entire villages, burying thousands of people beneath the rubble of collapsed buildings, including 4 million homes reportedly shattered. The death toll exceeds 15,000 and could rise to 50,000.

Due to its intensity and relatively shallow origin — just 11.8 miles (19 km) below the surface — the China earthquake generated extremely powerful shaking felt as far away as Taiwan. Earthquake engineers speculate the adobe and masonry buildings and homes, many of which were probably not reinforced with steel as building codes dictate, added to the earthquake damage, especially in more rural areas.

A final analysis of the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami is likely to create a death toll in 2004 greater than any caused by ground shaking in more than four centuries.

While the total deaths from the Dec. 26, 2004 disaster remains uncertain, it stands at 275,950, according to a U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) statement released Thursday. A comparatively small number of other earthquake-related fatalities for the year brings the total to 276,856, the agency reported.

However, other disaster officials put the known deaths at between 162,000 and 178,000, with a list of missing between 26,000 to 142,000. Those figures add up to a possible death toll range of between 188,000 and 320,000.

A final analysis of the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami is likely to create a death toll in 2004 greater than any caused by ground shaking in more than four centuries.

While the total deaths from the Dec. 26, 2004 disaster remains uncertain, it stands at 275,950, according to a U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) statement released Thursday. A comparatively small number of other earthquake-related fatalities for the year brings the total to 276,856, the agency reported.

However, other disaster officials put the known deaths at between 162,000 and 178,000, with a list of missing between 26,000 to 142,000. Those figures add up to a possible death toll range of between 188,000 and 320,000.


The Dec. 26, 2004 earthquake was put at magnitude 9.0 initially. One group of scientists said earlier this week it was actually 9.3. As of Thursday, however, the USGS was still using the 9.0 figure. Depending on what number geologists ultimately settle on, it will go down in history as the second or third strongest event ever measured.

The all-time largest, magnitude 9.5, hit Chile in 1960.

In 2004, just three days before the Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, another large earthquake -- magnitude 8.1 -- struck north of Macquarie Island, about a thousand miles southwest of New Zealand. There were no reported deaths.

The largest U.S. earthquake in 2004 was a magnitude 6.8 in southeastern Alaska.

A magnitude 6.0 temblor struck Parkfield, Calif., on Sept. 28, 2004. Long anticipated by geologists, it ruptured roughly the same segment of the San Andreas Fault that had cracked in 1966, 1934, 1922, 1901, 1881 and 1857.

Image Gallery

The Asian Tsunami
The deadliest U.S. earthquake in history struck San Francisco on April 18, 1906. The magnitude 7.8 quake killed about 3,000 people, but many of the deaths were attributed to fires that ravaged the city.

The 2010 Haiti earthquake was a catastrophic magnitude 7.0 Mw earthquake, with an epicenter near the town of Léogâne, approximately 25 km (16 miles) west of Port-au-Prince, Haiti's capital. The earthquake occurred at 16:53 local time (21:53 UTC) on Tuesday, 12 January 2010.[4][5]
By 24 January, at least 52 aftershocks measuring 4.5 or greater had been recorded.[6] An estimated three million people were affected by the quake;[7] the Haitian government reported that an estimated 316,000 people had died,[8] 300,000 had been injured and 1,000,000 made homeless.[9][10] The government of Haiti also estimated that 250,000 residences and 30,000 commercial buildings had collapsed or were severely damaged.[11]
The earthquake caused major damage in Port-au-Prince, Jacmel and other settlements in the region. Many notable landmark buildings were significantly damaged or destroyed, including the Presidential Palace, the National Assembly building, the Port-au-Prince Cathedral, and the main jail. Among those killed were Archbishop of Port-au-Prince Joseph Serge Miot,[12] and opposition leader Micha Gaillard.[13][14] The headquarters of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH), located in the capital, collapsed, killing many, including the Mission's Chief, Hédi Annabi.[15][16]

This earthquake devastated Tokyo, the port city of Yokohama, surrounding prefectures of Chiba, Kanagawa, and Shizuoka, and caused widespread damage throughout the Kantō region.[4] The power and intensity was astonishing: it manage

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Logan W & Jordan J
02/27/2012 10:46am

1.Rat Islands, Alaska, USA 1965
2.Mule Chile 2010
3.1963 Kuril Islands, Russia
4.1964 Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA
5.2005 Sumatra, Indonesia

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Niya M.
02/27/2012 10:46am

September 2007 Sumatra earthquakes occurred off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia, the first earthquake occurred at 11:10:26 UTC (18:10 local time) on September 12, 2007. It caused buildings to sway in Jakarta, and some buildings were reported to have collapsed in the city of Bengkulu, Bengkulu Province.
Eyewitness: Edi Santoni, 38, told the Reuters news agency.

" I rushed out of my house," he said. "I don't know if there's any damage because it's dark."

"Everyone is running out of their houses in every direction," Wati Said told the Associated Press by mobile phone from Bengkulu.

"We think our neighbourhood is high enough. God willing, if the water comes, it will not touch us here. We are all afraid.

2011 Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami occurred off the coast of Japan that occurred at 14:46 JST (05:46 UTC) on Friday, 11 March 2011

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Miguel.A
02/27/2012 11:24am

1.Date 23:32:41, 7 April 2011 (+09:00) Magnitude 7.1 (Mw) [1]n Depth 49 km (30 mi) Epicenter 38°15′11″N 141°38′24″E / 38.253°N 141.640° Type Aftershock Countries or regions Japan Max. intensity MM VIII[2] Casualties 4 confirmed dead, 141 injured[3]
2.The 2010 Chile earthquake occurred off the coast of central Chile on Saturday, 27 February 2010, at 03:34 local time (06:34 UTC), having a magnitude of 8.8 on the moment magnitude scale, with intense shaking lasting for about three minutes.[5][1][2][6] It ranks as the sixth largest earthquake ever to be recorded by a seismograph. It was felt strongly in six Chilean regions (from Valparaíso in the north to Araucanía in the south), that together make up about 80 percent of the country's population. According to the United States Geological Survey (USGS) the cities experiencing the strongest shaking—VIII (Destructive) on the Mercalli intensity scale (MM)—were Arauco and Coronel.
3.Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera) is an island in western Indonesia, westernmost of the Sunda Islands. It is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are shared between Indonesia and other countries) and the sixth largest island in the world at 473,481 km2 with a population of 50,365,538. Its biggest city is Medan with a population of 2,109,330.
4.Sumatra (Indonesian: Sumatera) is an island in western Indonesia, westernmost of the Sunda Islands. It is the largest island entirely in Indonesia (two larger islands, Borneo and New Guinea, are shared between Indonesia and other countries) and the sixth largest island in the world at 473,481 km2 with a population of 50,365,538. Its biggest city is Medan with a population of 2,109,330.
5.The southern coast of Honshū runs parallel to the Nankai Trough, which marks the subduction of the Philippine Sea Plate beneath the Eurasian Plate. Movement on this convergent plate boundary leads to many earthquakes, some of them of megathrust type. The Nankai megathrust has five distinct segments (A-E) that can rupture independently,[5][6] the segments have ruptured either singly or together repeatedly over the last 1,300 years.[7] Megathrust earthquakes on this structure tend to occur in pairs, with a relatively short time gap between them. In addition to the two events in 1854, there were similar earthquakes in 1944 and 1946. In each case, the northeastern segment ruptured before the southwestern segment.[8] In the 1498 event, the earthquake is thought to have ruptured segments C, D and E and possibly A and B. If both parts of the megathrust ruptured, the events were either simultaneous, or close enough in time, to not be distinguished by historical sources.[6]

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bobbyjo
02/27/2012 11:24am

1. sunatra September 12, 2007 , It is the largest island entirely in lndonesia

2.arica August 13, 1868 ,Arica is a commune and a port city with a population of 185,269 in the Arica Province.

3. Lima, October 20, 1687 ,Lima is the capital and the largest city of Peru.

4.Maule, February 27, 2010 ,The region takes its name from the Maule River which, running westward from the Andes,


5. Atacama Region, November 11, 1922 , It comprises three provinces, Chañaral, Copiapó and Huasco.

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Shianne P.
02/27/2012 11:26am

2004, Indian Ocean, Sumatra, Indonesia. Buildings Crushed. "It was like the being in a ship where you were swayed around when there were big waves". http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/asia-pacific/6422945.stm

2010, Maule, Chile. 525 people found dead. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2010_Chile_earthquake

2011, Pacific Ocean, Tōhoku region, Japan. 15,850 people dead. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2011_T%C5%8Dhoku_earthquake_and_tsunami

1965, Rat Islands, Alaska, USA. $10,000 worth of damage. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1965_Rat_Islands_earthquake

1952, Kamchatka, Russia. 15000 people died. http://wiki.answers.com/Q/How_many_people_died_in_the_1952_Kamchatka_earthquake

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Devionne.B Thomas.S
02/27/2012 11:27am

1.Rat Islands, Alaska, February 4, 1965 the earthquake happened
2.September 12, 2007 the Sumatra, Indonesia the earthquake happened
3.August 15, 1950 Assam, India – Tibet, China the earthquake happened
4.March 27, 1964 Prince William Sound, Alaska, USA the earthquake happened
5.4,1952

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Trisha & Autumn
02/27/2012 11:28am

1.) Kamchatka earthquakes, Kamchatka Peninsula in far eastern Russia,November 4, 1952
2.)Sumatra, Indonesia, 2007 Sumatra earthquakes
3.)
1957 Andreanof Islands earthquake,alaska,march 9 1957
4.)February 27, 2010,Maule, Chile,2010 Chile earthquake
5.)May 22, 1960
Valdivia, Chile
1960 Valdivia earthquake, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qqpvMIGqEXg

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Autumn And Trisha
02/27/2012 11:28am

1.) Kamchatka earthquakes , Kamchatka Peninsula in far eastern Russia November 4, 1952..
2.) Sumatra, Indonesia, 2OO7 Sumatra earthquakes
3.)1957 Andreanof Islands, Alaska, March 9,1957
4.)February 27, 2010, Maule, Chile, 2010 Chile earthquake.
5.)May 22, 1960, Valdivia, Chile, 1960 Valdivia earthquake.http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qqpvMIGqEXg

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logan bates
02/27/2012 11:28am

kuril islands,russia, oct 13, 1963
tokyo,japan, march 11,2011
sumatra,indonisia march 28, 2007
lima,peru oct. 20,1697
maule,chile febuary 27,2010

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Tesha S.
02/28/2012 3:32pm

-May 22,1960- Valdivia,Chile -1960 Valdivia earthquake with a magnitude of 9.5---- To date this earthquake was the most powerful hurricane ever recorded. The natural disasters that happened because of the earthquake were- landslides, tsunami, a flood, and it also included the eruption of a volcano.

-December 26, 2004- Indian Ocean, Sumatra, Indonesia 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake with a magnitude of 9.1–9.3---- This hurricane was known as an undersea megathrust earthquake. The earthquake and it's after effects killed over 230,000 people. The earthquake and it's after effects hit over 4 countries, creating more earthquakes or tsunamis.

-October 13, 1963- Kuril Islands, Russia (USSR)- 1963 Kuril Islands earthquake with a magnitude of 8.5[11]----There was no deaths, injuries, or damage recorded for this earthquake or any of it's after effects. The tsunami triggered by the earthquake caused a 4.5 wave locally.

-November 11, 1922- Atacama Region, Chile- 1922 Vallenar earthquake with a magnitude of 8.5[10]----This particular earthquake triggered a tsunami that caused a lot of damage to the coast of Chile and was observed in countries as far away as Australia. The earthquake killed several hundred people, the total was not recorded.

-August 15, 1950- Assam, India – Tibet, China- 1950 Assam - Tibet earthquake with a magnitude of 8.6----The earthquake was also destructive in Tibet and Assam, leaving 1,526 people dead. It was the sixth largest earthquake in the 20 century. It was also the largest known earthquake to not have been caused by a oceanic subduction, it was caused by two continental plates converging.
(ALL THIS INFORMATION WAS FOUND USING WIKIPEDIA)

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